Despite Hammurabi’s individuals armed forces success, southern area Mesopotamia didn’t come with natural, defensible limitations, and therefore managed to make it prone to attack. Following death of Hammurabi, their kingdom started initially to disintegrate easily. Under his replacement Samsu-iluna (1749-1712 BCE), the fresh far southern out-of Mesopotamia are missing in order to a local Akkadian king, called Ilum-ma-ili, and you can turned this new Sealand Dynasty; they remained without Babylon for another 272 years.
Both the Babylonians in addition to their Amorite rulers was basically motivated of Assyria into northern by the an Assyrian-Akkadian governor called Puzur-Sin, c. 1740 BCE. Amorite signal survived inside the a significantly-less Babylon, Samshu-iluna’s replacement, Abi-Eshuh, made good vain try to recapture the fresh new Sealand Dynasty for Babylon, however, came across beat at the hands of queen Damqi-ilishu II. By the end of their reign, Babylonia had shrunk on the small and relatively weak nation it ended up being through to the base.
The fresh new Password from Hammurabi try a set of 282 laws and regulations, printed in c. 1754 BCE when you look at the Babylon, and therefore concerned about deals and household members matchmaking, presenting a presumption out of innocence while the demonstration from facts.
The brand new Password off Hammurabi is among the eldest deciphered web log away from size in the world, and features a code off laws away from old Babylon during the Mesopotamia. Written in throughout the 1754 BCE of the sixth king off Babylon, Hammurabi, the fresh new Password is written into stone stele and you can clay pills. It consisted of 282 legislation, having punishments you to varied predicated on social standing (submissives, totally free guys, and you may residents). It’s most famous to the “an eye to own a close look, an enamel having an enamel” (lex talionis) particular abuse. Other forms away from requirements from law had been around for the the spot around this date, like the Password out of Ur-Nammu, queen regarding Ur (c. 2050 BCE), the latest Rules away from Eshnunna (c. 1930 BCE) while the codex from Lipit-Ishtar out-of Isin (c. 1870 BCE).
A 3rd of password worried about family and you can family members factors, and additionally genetics, divorce or separation, paternity and you can intimate behavior
The brand new rules have been arranged from inside the groups, in order for owners could easily understand the thing that was requisite of these. Some have experienced the newest Password because the an early kind of constitutional regulators, and also as an early type of the fresh presumption of innocence, plus the capacity to establish proof inside your situation. Intention is usually approved and you can influenced punishment, with neglect severely punished. Some of the provisions murabi’s choices, for the intended purpose of worry about-glorification. Nonetheless, the Code is actually analyzed, duplicated, and you will made use of because a design to possess courtroom cause for at least 1500 decades once.
The brand new prologue of one’s Password has Hammurabi saying that he wishes “and make justice visible about homes, so you can wreck the fresh wicked people in addition to worst-doer, the strong might not injure the newest weakened.” Biggest laws and regulations shielded on Code tend to be slander, trade, bondage, new requirements regarding professionals, thieves, liability, and you can splitting up. Almost 1 / 2 of the fresh code focused on agreements, particularly wages becoming reduced, regards to transactions, and you can liability if there is possessions wreck. You to definitely section jak sprawdziД‡, kto ciД™ lubi w loveroulette bez pЕ‚acenia sets you to definitely a courtroom just who improperly establishes a challenge may be taken off their status forever. Several sections address military services.
Perhaps one of the most better-understood parts of this new Password try law #196: “If a guy wreck the interest of some other child, it shall damage their vision. If one break a mans bones, it shall break his bone. If a person ruin the eye regarding good freeman or break the fresh limbs of an effective freeman the guy shall pay that silver mina. If a person wreck the interest regarding a beneficial man’s slave otherwise split a bone tissue of a great people’s slave he should pay one to-1 / 2 of his rates.”